The most well-known form of logical reasoning is logic. There are many forms of logic and not all forms of logic are the same. A good example is the deductive syllogism, which is used to prove the proposition “If P then Q”. Another good example is the syllogistic argument, which is used to prove the proposition “If P then Q”.
Logic requires the person to first state the reason or hypothesis that supports their view, and then logically deduce the supporting evidence. The most important aspects of logical reasoning are induction and deduction.
Inductive reasoning is the process of deducing a conclusion from a known starting point. For example, in geometry, we know that a square has four sides if it is inscribed in a circle. Therefore, we can infer the following facts: The squares inscribed in a circle have four sides.
If the square is not inscribed in a circle, then it is square. Therefore, the square must be square.
Deduction refers to the process of deducing a conclusion without proof. It is usually used in conjunction with induction to prove a specific claim or hypothesis.
Deductive reasoning has a variety of problems that it can create in reasoning and logical thinking. For example, when deductive reasoning we are often led to make inferences from known facts.
Each of these different types of reasoning has its own advantages and disadvantages. The best way for you to decide which type of reasoning to use is to ask yourself what kind of problem will be solved best. and how much time and effort you are willing to put into learning that type of reasoning skill.
General purpose method: This is the most popular form of logic because it is easier to learn. The basic idea of this method is that you use one premise or one step in a reasoning process to provide the conclusion or explanation. The basic premise for this method is that “if P, then Q”.
The general purpose method is very effective in logic and problem-solving. One of the reasons for this is because there are no specific terms associated with each of these steps. Therefore, there is a very large range of ways that people can arrive at the same conclusion.
The problem with this type of reasoning is that it can lead to the conclusion that something can only be true if P, thus limiting the amount of options. possible ways that can be arrived at. It can also cause people to make generalizations without thinking about all possibilities.
Deductive method: The deductive method, also known as inductive reasoning is a very different form of reasoning. This method relies on using a particular concept to provide the conclusion.
This method does not have as many alternatives as general purpose method and does not require the conclusion to be based on a particular concept. The principle behind the deduction is the same; the main difference is that it involves a new approach to logic.
The main thing that distinguishes this method from the general purpose method is that the conclusion is derived from a concept or set of concepts. It is more abstract and is based on the use of a set of premises that have been used previously and are known by everyone. The concept being used is called the antecedent of the conclusion.