# Logic Courses Can Help You Make Better and More Effective Use of Reasoning

Two different types of logical reasoning are sometimes distinguished as well as formal deduction and inductive reasoning. Given an antecedent or presupposition, a conclusion or formal consequence and an axiom or universal rule which means the conclusion given by the antecedent, one could explain the following in terms of the deductive approach. For example, in a deductive approach a man with a broken arm is found lying on a street covered with leaves.

He has no arm, but his evidence points to the fact that he is lying on the road. His arm is thus the proof of the truth of the statement, “The man with the broken arm is lying on the street.”

The logical deduction approach to the same problem would be to conclude that the evidence that leads him to this conclusion is adequate to convince anyone that the conclusion is true. In this case the inductive method would be used to prove the validity of his evidence.

Induction may not be very common in logic courses, but it is a very powerful technique and one that is used all the time by scientists, politicians, businessmen, lawyers and teachers. It is also a powerful tool in learning how things work and how we get what we want.

The inductive approach to logical inference is based on the process of induction. A series of assumptions are made in the induction, these are known as presuppositions. These presuppositions become the foundation of an inductive argument, the main idea behind it is that a person who believes what is being stated will have to act in accordance with the premises given.

If a person follows the premises, then they must act in accordance with the conclusions, or else they will have to have a reason to not act in accordance with the conclusion. For example, if a person believes that there is a certain conclusion (or assumption) that humans and dogs are good then they must act in accordance with the conclusion if they want to follow the conclusion. If the conclusion is “dogs are good”, then the person must adopt a certain behavior – for example, the dog owner must make sure that the dog is healthy and that it gets regular exercise.

The premises and the conclusion are given to the individual in the form of the premisses and consequents. The conclusion is used as a means to proving the antecedent of a given sentence – the main idea behind this is that the evidence used in order to prove the antecedent must be sufficient to convince the individual that the conclusion is true.

A good Logic class can provide some very interesting methods and examples of the induction of premises and the inductive method. Some good examples include: “The human brain is a logic lab.” “Is God the architect of the universe?”

Inductive arguments can be used in other forms of reasoning as well. For example, the following statement is a deductive argument: “If you are a parent, then you must love your child.” Another example can be: “We should teach our children to be honest.”

Inductive reasoning in a classroom setting can involve some basic techniques. The teacher would begin a lecture with a short introduction about the use of the premises and the conclusion to prove the inductive argument, and then he would move on to the demonstration of the conclusion, usually by using an example from logic.

One way to make sure that inductive reasoning is a successful is to make sure that the student understands the relationship between the premisses and the conclusion. The explanation could start with the sentence: “The premisses prove the conclusion.” Once he understands this, he should be able to explain to the student how they are used to establish the conclusion.

This is the most important part of the class, and it’s easy to forget if one does not pay close attention. It should be remembered that all of the information that one has been taught in this class is based on the premise that the student must know this relationship. It should be kept in mind throughout the course of the examination.