Organic chemistry encompasses all the methods used to examine, evaluate, synthesize, and test different combinations of atoms and molecules, such as the use of spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, electromagnetic spectroscopy, and atomic absorption. It is important to note that the methods used are not the same for each discipline, as there are different needs for each type of testing. Some forms of organic chemistry are applied to chemical reactions that occur within living cells, while others apply their methods to reactions that occur outside of a living cell.
Organic chemistry is generally divided into four general categories. It is often used as a foundation for many other chemical fields, because it covers every method that is necessary for analyzing chemical reactions.
Chemical bonding: Chemical bonding is a study of what happens when atoms are bound together, where one atom “gives up” to make the other. This involves bonding reactions that can be carried out by bonding agents and includes all types of bonding reactions that happen between two or more organic molecules, where at one point they have been joined chemically by bond forming chemicals such as amino acids, sugars, lipids, proteins, and fatty acids.
Kinetic Theory: Kinetic theory is a branch of organic chemistry that refers to a mathematical model that describes how certain chemical reactions take place. Kinetic theory is based on the idea that molecules will move according to the force of gravity and the direction of their motion. Kinetic theory also explains why certain substances are more soluble in other liquids and solvents than they are in solvents with higher density.
Biological Synthesis: Biological synthesis is a branch of organic chemistry that deals with the study of DNA and RNA molecules. This field studies how the genetic information contained within the DNA and RNA molecules interact with the environment, and what kinds of changes occur within the DNA and RNA molecules as the environment changes. It also examines how the DNA and RNA molecules interact with other chemical compounds and DNA and RNA molecules.
Chemical Reactions: The study of chemical bonds is a very important part of organic chemistry, since molecules of different molecules must be able to bind together in order to create complex structures. There are many different kinds of chemical bonds, including covalent and ionic.
Chemical bonds, especially covalent and ionic, are important in many different processes in the chemical industry, particularly those related to the production of chemicals. However, one of the most common types of chemical bonds is covalent.
A covalent bond consists of two molecules of the same molecule coming together to form a single molecule. It can be thought of as an “inverted” version of a solid-liquid structure, where two different types of atoms come together to form a single entity, where one atom has a negative charge (positively charged), while the other is positively charged (negatively charged). Most covalent bonds exist between hydrogen atoms, since it is the most abundant element on the planet.
Ionic bonds occur when two different types of hydrogen atoms come together to form a molecule of three hydrogen atoms. Two different types of oxygen atoms form a molecule, also consisting of two hydrogen atoms, and one electron in its orbitals. The oxygen and hydrogen atoms, together with two electrons in their spin state, come together to form water.
Covalent bonding is also important in the production of many types of chemicals, including chlorophyll, a pigment found in many plants and in algae. Chlorophyll can be made from hydrogen and oxygen, while chloropropene can be made from hydrogen and oxygen. Both chlorophyll and chloropropane are composed of covalent bonds, but it is the chlorophyll that is responsible for the yellowing effect of chlorophyll in green plants. In addition to making chlorophyll green, chlorophyll also helps to prevent sunlight from reacting with other chemicals.
Chemical bonds in organic chemistry are important for all types of chemical reactions and processes. Because of their importance, the study of these bonds is an important area of study in many colleges and universities.