The Advantages of Inductive Reasoning

Two types of logical reasoning can be distinguished as well as formal deduction and inductive reasoning: inductive and deductive. Given a specific premise or pre-requisite, a logical conclusion or final consequence, and an implied rule or axiom that means the conclusion based on the pre-requisite, one could theoretically give the following example.

Premise one is that the person who gave the questioner his name was an employee. Premise two is that the individual has recently graduated from college and plans to move to a new area in the near future. Premise three is that the individual intends to move to this new area to pursue a new career. The conclusion to which the individual will move after graduation is the place he will live.

After considering all the above, one might come to the conclusion that the individual would like to purchase a house on the college campus where he is going to attend graduate school or the college where he plans to pursue his career. Thus, the conclusion would be an apartment in a suburb in the town where he wants to reside.

The reasoning process through inductive logic or inductive reasoning is much easier than through deductive logic or logical deduction. In deductive reasoning, the person who gives the answer has already established a prior condition that the person is required to prove. The conclusion then is then deduced from the pre-requisite.

Inductive logic is less complicated because there is only a pre-requisite. However, inductive logic still requires the individual to establish the fact, whether a particular premise has been established or not, and to show that the conclusion follows from the premises.

As with deductive logic, when a person starts inductively reasoning, he is not required to establish a specific or a strong pre-requisite for the conclusion he would eventually come to. For instance, in the above example the person may come to the conclusion that the individual wishes to purchase a house in a suburban neighborhood in the city in which he plans to reside after graduation because he had noticed a signboard at the front office of the company he works for that states that there is a new building being constructed there.

Once he realizes that the signboard was there, the next step is to assume that the company is building a new building and therefore if the signboard is indeed telling the truth, then the next logical step is to conclude that the new building is being constructed on that particular street. The conclusion that follows is that the individual has finally arrived at his new apartment.

In inductive reasoning, the person who deduces the conclusion has to establish a single and simple fact before arriving at the final conclusion. He does not have to rely on multiple premises or an implied rule. This is why the conclusion has to be very clear. It should not be something vague that is dependent on more than one element.

There are many benefits of inductive reasoning. In deductive reasoning, a person has to rely on the other person’s assumptions as well as facts to support his conclusions. In inductive reasoning, a person’s only source of information is the pre-requisite and conclusion is based upon that.

A conclusion based on a pre-requisite is not really a conclusion at all but an assumption. Thus in order for a conclusion to be inductive, it has to be based upon something that has already been established to be true.

The benefit of inductive reasoning is that the conclusion that you come to will not be a conclusion because it is already a pre-requisite that you have already arrived at your conclusion. It is a conclusion that has been arrived at through the use of your knowledge and your experience. This means that the conclusion that you arrive at will hold true no matter what other people think of it. If a conclusion is based upon something that has already been accepted and understood, it can never be rejected by another person.

Another advantage of inductive reasoning is that it can reduce stress. If you have an assumption or a pre-requisite that you have already accepted, you can then easily assume that conclusion without worrying about others’ reactions. You can thus focus on the other person’s assumptions without having to worry about them.